Founder, President, and Head Instructor of the Ronin Training Institute.

Tag: BJJ

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Difference Between Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and Judo

When classifying certain martial arts, they usually fall into two very distinctive categories: grappling and striking. Judo and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu fall into the grappling side of martial arts, and they share a lot of similarities. Even though they are under the same category they are different in a few ways as well. Each sport and the way you are awarded wins defines the differences mainly in the rules of each.


Judo came first in the history of the two and was founded in Japan in the 1800s. It is also officially an Olympic sport, which started in 1964. Competitively there are a few ways to win a match within the rules. The main way to win is to throw your opponent with enough force on his back to gain something called an “Ippon”. An Ippon is a match-winning point that is only awarded when the former move is completed. You may earn other points that don’t result in an instant win, which is when you throw your opponent but he doesn’t land on his back or with enough force. There is also winning by submission from pinning. Patience is key in judo, waiting for your opponent to make a move for you to capitalize on. Judo uses the patience to find leverage on your opponent and uses throws from the standing position.

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu was formed later in 1909, just like the name implies, in Brazil. BJJ is mainly fought while on the ground. There are strikes and grapples involved but most of the fighting is while you are on your back. There are different ways to win but mainly by scoring points that are awarded by completing different moves on your opponent. You can also win by submission from pins or holds as well. While it is not an Olympic sport, there are plenty of tournaments to take part in across the world.

So in parting, you can see there are a few differences between the two. While BJJ comes from Judo, the key differences come from the style or positions. Judo brings the standing aspect of martial arts while BJJ has the ground portion. This is where the confusion comes from, where the similarities match between them. With the beginning of each match starting from standing positions, but the way the match progresses and win conditions are set to stand different from each other.

Teaching Tips: Ways to Improve Your BJJ Instructing Tactics


We’ve all been there. Sitting in that course in college or in that huddle on a sports team. The the teacher, coach or instructor has no idea how to efficiently lead a group of people. Being the most knowledgeable person in the world about a particular subject  only gets you so far. Not having the ability to effectively put in place your knowledge won’t get you anywhere in the teaching realm. In Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, instructors hold the key to an up and coming practitioner’s success.  Students could have all the natural abilities in the world. If they aren’t taught how to properly channel such skills, their likelihood of success will be rare.


We often find students struggling with their comprehension of a sport. This can be due to the fact that learning abilities across a team can be widespread. As an instructor, it is up to you to create techniques and tactics that are inclusive to all learning styles and capabilities. Sometimes, it can be best to follow the “lowest common denominator” aesthetic. This doesn’t mean that the whole class needs to stay on the same skill until they all achieve it. It more means that that each course you teach should continue to review the most basic moves as a refresher for all. Paying that little bit of extra attention to the lowest level student ensures that they are receiving a quality education.


Communication is an extremely crucial aspect of being an instructor. Adaptation of communication methods goes right along side in importance. If you are unable to teach in a way that most, if not all, of your students can comprehend, they re-evaluating your technique should be a high priority. In BJJ there are many moves that require extreme persistence and practice. Being able to descriptively enlighten your students on safety measures must be done in the clearest way possible. For me it’s always important to make sure I cover, and my students clearly understand, the What, How, Why. This is What we are going to do, this is How we are going to do it and this is Why we are doing it.


One of the final ways that you can be sure your teaching methods are up to high standards is by reflecting on each class that you lead. Ask yourself questions such as; Did everyone seem to see the main takeaways from the course? Were there any students who seemed to not comprehend certain moves or drills? Though you should not get too caught up in any negative aspects of a class, assessing yourself and your style only leaves room for improvement. In any teaching scenario, having the ability to critique yourself and make strategic changes, is what will ultimately get your students further.


Keeping Athletes Calm Under Pressure


As humans, we naturally feel various emotions during intense situations. From fear to excitement, our feelings run wild in those final seconds of a tied game or the last round of a fight. It falls on the shoulders of coaches to teach tactics that support students during high-pressure situations. These lessons should be implemented during practices and training and can help days of competition go smoothly.


Acknowledging the Pressure Point


One of the first steps to helping your student overcome their anxious tendencies is by properly identify their pressure point. For some athletes, it could be the beginning of a competition or game, while others it boils down to those final seconds. In the role of a coach, find methods or remedies that can alleviate any of the tension during these anxious times. Often if a coach is aware of what sets their player off, they can get to them prior to the situation and calm them down. Additionally, taking that pressure off of them, is a tactic that many successful coaches have used in the past. Using phrases such as “let’s keep having fun and doing what we do best”, rather than “push yourselves and work harder” could be the motivation that your team needs.


Communication Methods


When a student is under pressure, they often find it difficult to zero in on your instructions. Especially in team settings, your communication skills come in handy in a major way. With various learning styles, being a coach can stretch you thin when it comes to giving direction. When a team or individual are under pressure, the way you choose to deliver your instructions or advice can set the tone for their performance. All communications should be made in a calm manner, as often as possible. Show your athletes how you want them to behave through your actions and words.


Let Them Shine


Changing the aspect or vibe of the competition can often throw off many athletes. Letting them do what they know best often warrants some great results. Sometimes it’s best to just reassure them that they know what they are doing rather than giving harsh instructions. Individual sports often follow this protocol more than team ones. It is easier to point a finger in team settings but being solo also means knowing exactly who and how to improve.


Benefits of BJJ For Autistic Children


If you’ve kept up with my blogs, you already know the incredible benefits that Brazilian Jiu Jitsu provides for children. As they progress through their training they are acquiring life skills and feelings of accomplishment. There are so many children that thrive in the sport of BJJ but some of the most impacted are those with Autism.


Autism, by definition, is a developmental disorder that impacts one’s communication and social skills. For children diagnosed, they often find themselves challenged in group settings. Team sports are often something that autistic children struggle to partake in. Fortunately, Jiu Jitsu provides a team atmosphere but at somewhat of an individual level. Depending on the severity of Autism in the child, BJJ is a great way to integrate them into more social environments. The team can help support and celebrate their victories but do not need to rely on them for communication as you would in other team sports.


For anyone learning self-defense one of the greatest aspects the art provides is confidence. Most people that I’ve come across in BJJ have expressed their appreciation for how much better they feel about themselves due to their training. Confidence, for Autistic children, is hard to come by. They are often very aware of the fact that they are different from other children and it can hinder the way that they feel about themselves. Through BJJ training, they can gain back a great deal of confidence that they may lose in a classroom or other team sports setting.


Jiu Jitsu is one of the few martial arts that allows for and encourages individuality. Due to the informal and casual environment, children with autism are not as limited to their communication mechanisms as those who practice other forms of MMA. While the disciplinary aspect of other mixed martial arts is beneficial to children, it can pose a challenge for those with autism.


All forms of martial arts can assist special needs kids in their development. Brazilian Jiu Jitsu does a particularly good job at helping autistic students get into social settings and build confidence. It is important that instructors are aware of the impact that they could be making on the life of a student. When people describe those whom the train with, the word family often comes into play. This being said, everyone is accepted with open arms and can expect life lessons to come from the experience.


How To Know When Your Student is Ready to Compete

Competitions are one of the most thrilling aspects of being a Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu practitioner. Though some people learn the art for self defense purposes, competing can help to take your skills to a whole new level. As an instructor, it is crucial to set standards for yourself and students before allowing them to compete in a tournament.


It may come as a surprise, but emotions play a huge role on determining a student’s readiness. Having control over your emotions during a competition is something that many athletes, especially young ones, struggle to maintain. When a student is able focus solely on the sport and the sportsmanship that goes along with it, they are then well on their way to being considered for competition.


Protection is the most important standard that I set for my students. If I, as the instructor, feel they are unable to protect themselves against other students with similar experience, they are not only risking their safety but the safety of their opponent. If you are teaching a class of the same belts, it is important to compare the students to one another. Although everyone learns differently and at various paces, making sure that the individuals are able to compete reasonably with their classmates is important. When it comes to comparing students, it comes down to safety. The student must be capable and comparable to other belts in the class only in terms of their safety and the safety of their partners. If they are incapable of protecting themselves, or their emotions, than I do not recommend they compete.


The true determinant in deciding, is not the ability the student possess but the level of dedication. BJJ is something that is not perfected overnight. While many beginners come in with natural talent and abilities, it is their passion and commitment to the sport that proves their readiness to me. If a student shows up consistently, attends competition classes and works hard, that means more to me about the preparedness. For someone with natural talent who only shows up once every few weeks and doesn’t train hard, I would feel as though they are less than ready to compete.


Commitment and passion are two of the traits every BJJ fighter should possess. For students of any level, criteria should be set before heading into competition. As an instructor, knowing your student’s abilities and dedication helps to decide whether they are ready or not for competition.


5 Things Anyone Learning Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Should Know

As you’ve probably discovered through previous blogs on my site, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is not just a sport. The Martial Art is much more than training a few times a week. When you join a gym and begin training it changes your perspective on life. Having been a part of the BJJ family since the age of 16, I have learned a great deal about not only myself but the entire BJJ community. Anyone who has spent time training in Jiu-Jitsu can tell you that there are a certain set of ethics and unspoken rules. For those interested in taking on BJJ or if you are just starting your training, make sure you have a conversation with an expert. Anyone who has begun training with me has learned my 5 keys to a successful BJJ career.


  1. Leave your ego at the door. Everyone who submits you has been submitted hundreds, maybe thousands of times before. It’s how we learn and get better and is nothing to be ashamed of. You’re a white belt you are going to tap out….a lot.


  1. Repetition, repetition, repetition. As you advance in the sport you will find yourself practicing the same sequences over and over again. The only way you are going to get better is to have a firm grasp on the basics.


  1. Feel free to ask questions about the technique. The more you ask and understand, the better. But be mindful of the fact that you won’t learn it all in one day and a good instructor will have a curriculum or class plan that he or she wants to cover. Keeping the class on topic and on task is part of his or her job.


  1. Fundamentals are key to learning everything in the future of your Jiu-Jitsu journey. Don’t worry about learning the coolest flying triangle set up. Stick to the basics. Everything stems from a good understanding of them.


  1. Position before submission. Learn to control and be competent with the positions and a solid base (Jiu-Jitsu term for balance and stability) before you worry about submitting your opponent. When you are new survival is the goal and owning the fundamentals of position can help you immensely and lead to more technical attacks when you are ready.


When you begin a new journey in life, you need to be open to the fact that you don’t know everything and likely won’t for some time. Being a humble and patient student is key, especially when it comes to mastering the art of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.

History of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

History of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu


One of the most important aspects of learning mixed martial arts is understanding the roots and development of the sport. By knowing the history, we are able to better comprehend the meanings and teaching that the art has to offer. Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu has an interesting historical background and a unique way of incorporating its past into its present teachings.




To fully comprehend the history of BJJ, one must first know about the roots that it has in the art of Judo. Judo was created by Jigoro Kano in Japan. Kano refined some of the techniques that he had learned from other arts and made them his own. As he began developing Judo he made sure that all the teachings were set in a realistic scenario. Many ancient arts before Judo focused on “pre-arranged sequences of attacks.” Kano realized these unrealistic situations were unlikely to assist in a true battle. He began focusing on free sparring and less on the rehearsed skills. As Kano continued spreading his teachings across Japan, many prodigal students came through his system. One of these students, Mitsuyu Maeda flourished and become one of Judo’s greatest fighters. Having remained undefeated in the sport, Maeda was sent by Kano on a journey around the world to show people the powerful art of Judo.


Gracie Family


Those within the BJJ community undoubtedly know a great deal about the Gracie family. Around 1917, a young man named Carlos Gracie was in attendance at one of Mitsuyo Maeda’s Judo demonstrations in Brazil. In awe of his performance and abilities, Carlos wanted to learn the art, so he enrolled in Maeda’s school. Passing on his knowledge to his brothers, Carlos had no idea that he was in the midst of building a BJJ empire.. In 1925 the Gracie family opened their first Jiu-Jitsu school where they continued teaching Maeda’s lessons of Judo with their own adaptations to the techniques. Carlos’ brother, Helio begun practicing the art and is now credited as the main reason for Jiu-Jitsu’s rapid spread around Brazil. Helio gained his own realm of fame when he began traveling around the country, willing to fight anyone who offered up a challenge. Upon the opening of the school, he also welcomed anyone to come through his doors and face him. At gyms around the world, you can expect many people to reference this gesture the “Gracie Challenge.”


In the 1980s members of the Gracie family began to migrate from Brazil to the United States. Though popular around the world, the art didn’t see its American fame until the 1990s when Royce Gracie, Helio’s son, dominated the first ever UFC match using his BJJ skills. The Gracies began proving to the world that kicking and punching is not always the best fighting tactic.



As Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu has continued developing and adapting throughout the years, its history and roots remain the core teachings of the art. Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu has and always will continue promoting safe fighting techniques, physical well-being, and character building.


What It Takes to be a Good Coach or Instructor

In sports, there is one person who is integral to the athletes successful outcomes. They are the brain and the gears that encourage athletes to perform at their highest potential. They are always finding ways to challenge their players and get the best out of them. They are the coach or instructor. A coach is not always the stereotypical parent volunteer who knows little to nothing about the sport. Many coaches have spent their lives mastering a specific sport. They choose to share their knowledge with athletes willing to better themselves and their understanding of the sport. Not everyone excels at being a coach. It takes a certain type of person with exceptional traits to thrive in the role.




One of the most important attributes a coach must have is patience. There will likely be circumstances where athletes learn certain concepts at different speeds. As a coach, you must have the ability to explain techniques or drills in a way that all team members understand. Not every athlete will develop at the same level, especially children and adolescents. Having the patience to ensure everyone grasps the concepts you teach is an important trait for a successful coach.


Communication Skills


For instructors, having knowledge of the sport is crucial. More important than the knowledge is having the ability to express it through efficient communication. When information is unable to transition from coach’s brain to player’s ears, the relationship and sport become tainted. When communication is effective throughout the team, the environment remains positive. Motivation often stems from powerful pep talks, and the role of a coach requires momentum to come from such discussions. Just as teaching the sport comes with adapting to the individual, communication also requires a level of patience.


Controlling Emotions


Although emotions as a whole is a broad spectrum, those leading in sports must keep them all in check. There are appropriate times for emotions in sporting events and there are inappropriate times. An example is, when a player masters a skill (during a game or match) a coach should absolutely celebrate through happy emotions. But, frantically screaming at a referee because of a bad call, is not encouraged. The athletes look to the coach for advice. As their role model, it is important to distinguish a line of acceptable forms of displaying emotions. Demonstrating passion and enthusiasm in a positive manner sets a great example, especially for the young athletes.


Everyone is not suited to fill the role of coach or instructor. Having an in-depth knowledge of the sport is crucial but many other characteristics come into play. Playing the part of coach entails a great deal of commitment and professionalism. These traits are ones all the great coaches past and present possessed.

Benefits of Getting Children Involved in Jiu-Jitsu

Most parents spend their weekends watching their children attempt to play a complex sport using equipment they need years of practice before mastering. Although getting children involved in any structured activity at a young age presents benefits in social and physical skills, sports using only a child’s body give them a greater chance of mastering the skill much sooner. A Brazilian Jiu Jitsu (BJJ) training program is a great place for children of various ages to begin their involvement in organized sports. BJJ is one facet of Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) that not only keeps children active, but teaches confidence, respect, self-defense, and discipline at every level of engagement.


The art of Jiu Jitsu stems from the ground fighting aspect of judo and the combat technique advocates the idea that a smaller or weaker individual has the capability to stand their ground against someone much larger and stronger than them. These methodologies easily instill confidence in children and as they learn the techniques, they gain an understanding that size does not always matter. Though many advances have been made to end bullying, it unfortunately is still a part of society. Learning Jiu Jitsu inevitably gives the skills to defend one’s self but additionally boosts confidence in a child by knowing they possess such abilities to take action if ever necessary.


Many MMA programs assist in building confidence in their students. Jiu Jitsu separates itself from the rest, through the style of fighting it promotes. Other facets of MMA use striking techniques which, for children, are likely not beneficial in real world scenarios. A post in Jiu Jitsu Times makes a valid point, sharing that the unrealistic story lines presented to students in other forms of MMA could unavoidably give false confidence to children. Parents of BJJ students are also likely to appreciate the sport’s no striking approach, especially at ages when hitting and kicking become problematic.


The diverse culture revolving around Jiu Jitsu has become a great tool in guiding children on a positive path regarding respect. Looking around a BJJ training school, participants are able to see men and women interchangeable in teacher and student roles, teaching children the importance of receiving and accepting instruction from anyone. People of all ages, ethnicities, and economical backgrounds gather to learn the art, and immersing children in such a diversified environment reaps benefits unteachable in most settings.


Other added bonuses to involving children in Jiu Jitsu at a young age is the consistency of the programs. Most team based sports have seasons that come and go depending on the time of year. Unlike those sports, trainings in Jiu Jitsu continue year-round, consequently supporting the discipline aspect of the art. When children have time off from their extracurriculars, it often takes time for them to get back into a structured routine, but such trends do not take place in Jiu Jitsu. Another advantage deserving recognition is the overall health benefits of the sport. Those training at advance levels of BJJ are inclined to follow healthy diet and nutrition plan. Instructors are likely to bestow this lifestyle in the young athletes and their parents, encouraging all around health.
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu has become one of the greatest aspects of MMA due to its accessibility for people of many backgrounds. The benefits of engaging a young child in the sport helps develop not only physical, but social and emotional skills, able to support them throughout their lives. Developing positive relationships and gaining skills that will be useful throughout life. What more could a parent ask for?

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